In recent years, solid wood furniture has become more and more popular among consumers. After the plate furniture and plate custom furniture, the wood furniture and the whole wood custom furniture gradually entered the people’s field of vision. However, under the current overall economic downturn, and the environmental protection department has increased environmental protection investigations, the status quo of solid wood furniture is not optimistic. The solid wood furniture industry presents high gross profit and low net profit. The average net profit of the industry is only 4 %, the entire industry due to low net profit, a serious lack of competitive advantage.
Solid wood furniture manufacturing Problems and Challenges
The furniture industry is a traditional labor-intensive industry with a low overall automation level and is driven by investment. At present, there are only a few large-scale enterprises that achieve highly automated production in the industry, with strong capital and fast technology upgrades. But most furniture factories are still combining machine work with manual work. The higher the grade, the more furniture is made of solid wood and enamel, especially the complex features of solid wood parts. Some processes need manual work, such as engraving (that is, machine rough carving, the follow-up still needs manual improvement). ). The degree of standardization of panel furniture is high, which is conducive to information production. The precondition for the high-volume, automated production of panel furniture is that the parts are highly standardized and the structure is simple and small. The solid wood furniture industry is a small business compared to the panel furniture enterprise, because the panel furniture increases profits by running, and the solid wood furniture is not as good as the panel furniture because of the different production methods and panel furniture. .
In general, the challenges faced by solid wood furniture companies are as follows:
1, the era of meager profit, the industry’s competitive pressure is unprecedented
The traditional production mode leads to low production efficiency, coupled with high raw material costs and a large expenditure on staff expenses. Expenditure, low industry profits, and small competitive advantage.
2, low standardization of solid wood furniture
solid wood furniture material specifications, material types, products Types and structural connections are more complex, resulting in a low degree of industry standardization, making it difficult to achieve generalized, standardized design and informational manufacturing like panel furniture.
3, complex process
solid wood furniture based on wood properties processing requirements It is high and has more manufacturing processes and is more susceptible to variable influence factors.
4, subjective factors have a large impact
depending on the manufacture of solid wood furniture for workers In the higher the plate furniture, the production efficiency and quality are more affected by people.
Where is the way out for solid wood furniture?
Because of the current lack of resource integration in the furniture industry, solid wood furniture continues the traditional manufacturing model in the context of the global manufacturing industry gradually turning to information manufacturing. (Machine production combined with manual, imitating production mode), after all, is not the way. But the differences between the industries are too great, and the upgrading of the industrial structure is not a one-off process. The road to solid wood furniture on the informationization is an irreversible trend, but to achieve informational manufacturing, to maintain good vitality and competitive advantage in the fierce market competition, we can consider starting from two aspects.
First, gradually standardize solid wood furniture, lay the foundation for informational manufacturing of solid wood furniture
Plate furniture is easy to realize the standardization of design and manufacture due to its simple shape, single raw material, high degree of generalization of interface hardware and simple production process. But solid wood furniture parts are based on the production of solid wood raw materials, so the types of shapes are varied, the types of parts are numerous, the specifications are large, and the processing process is complicated and the process level is higher. Therefore, relevant professionals said that it is a difficult problem to standardize the design and manufacture of solid wood furniture. This is not a matter for a certain enterprise. It requires resource integration and information sharing across the industry. The standardization of solid wood furniture needs to start from the following aspects, first realize the standardization of the company’s own production, and then expand to the industry as a whole:
(1 ) Uniform coding
To achieve the unification of solid wood furniture processing wood coding and the unit coding method, which is convenient for industry communication.This is a systematic project that requires industry standards organizations to initiate and industry leaders to lead by example. For the enterprise itself, the material and raw material codes are easy to be information-managed, such as the convenient call of parts in the design stage and the access of parts and products in the later stage, which can improve efficiency.
(2)Modify the interface structure of solid wood parts
The solid wood furniture has many styles and specifications. The principle of design is to minimize the number and size of parts. For example, the frame structure of the table, chair and cabinet furniture in the same enterprise is as uniform as possible in the type and size, which is convenient for continuous operation under the same tool.
(3) Production with templates
Learn from the production of solid wood sofas. The sofa is laid out with a template, the main structure adopts a simple shape, and the shaped part is spliced with a plastic structure. In the soft body of the bag, such as the shaped part of the sofa armrest, the frame is directly straight and simple, and the plastic hand-shaped structure is assembled at the handrail, and then the sponge is covered. The surface layer will not be any different in appearance, which not only improves production efficiency, but also contributes to the generalization of enterprise parts. Following this idea, solid wood furniture companies can make templates for common parts and encode them. In production, they can be staked directly by means of templates.
(4) Standardized processing equipment
Adopting foreign advanced equipment, improving production technology, innovative product design style and other means to enhance the overall competitiveness of enterprise products, realize the standardized production of solid wood furniture products, and make some seemingly simple products through different combinations and combinations. Can combine different shapes and functions.
Second, improve design level
Current domestic furniture design It has reached a bottleneck, imitating design has become the mainstream way, even the accumulation of elements, the original level of innovation is not high. Furniture companies have transformed, especially for solid wood furniture manufacturers, original design has become a core competitiveness. As the demand for consumers changes and increases, the market’s requirements for original design are also constantly improving. Only by continuously improving their original design capabilities and product research and development capabilities, solid wood furniture enterprises can develop steadily.
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